Artist Watercolors - Pigment Detail Chart

Colors Page

Color Name (ItemNumber)Color Index NamePigment NameCommon Name Lightfastness ratingOpacity / TransparencyStainingGranulation
ThumbnailNickel Yellow (7000100)
PY53
Nickel Titanate
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
NA
ThumbnailCadmium Yellow Primrose (7000105)
PY35
Cadmium Zinc Sulfide - (CC)
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailHansa Yellow Light (7000110)
PY3
Arylide Yellow
NA
ASTM 2
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Staining
Semi-Staining
ThumbnailBismuth Vanadate Yellow (7000115)
PY184
Bismuth Vanadate
NA
1
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Staining
Semi-Staining
ThumbnailCadmium Yellow Light (7000120)
PY35
Cadmium Zinc Sulfide - (CC)
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailBenzimidazolone Yellow (7000126)
PY154
Benzimidazolone Yellow H3G
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Staining
Semi-Staining
ThumbnailCadmium Yellow Medium (7000130)
PY35
Cadmium Zinc Sulfide - (CC)
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailAureolin Modern (7000135)
PW6, PY150
Titanium Dioxide Rutile, Nickel Complex Azo
Titanium White, Nickel Yellow
ASTM 1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
NA
ThumbnailNickel Azo Yellow (7000140)
PY150
Nickel Complex Azo
NA
ASTM 1
Transparent
Transparent
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailIndia Yellow (7000146)
PY154, PY150, PR206
Benzimidazolone Yellow H3G, Nickel Complex Azo, Quinacridone
Hansa Yellow Medium, Nickel Azo Yellow, Quinacridone Burnt Orange
1
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailPermanent Gamboge (7000150)
PY150, PY42, PV19
Nickel Complex Azo, Synthetic Hydrated Iron Oxide, Quinacridone
Transparent Yellow Iron Oxide, Quinacridone Red, Nickel Azo Yellow
ASTM 1
Transparent
Transparent
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailQuinacridone Gold (7000155)
PO48, PY150
Quinacridone, Nickel Complex Azo
Quinacridone Gold Deep, Nickel Azo Yellow
ASTM 2
Transparent
Transparent
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailQuinacridone Gold Deep (7000160)
PO48
Quinacridone
NA
ASTM 2
Transparent
Transparent
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailQuinacridone Burnt Orange (7000165)
PR206
Quinacridone
NA
ASTM 1
Transparent
Transparent
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailCadmium Yellow Deep (7000170)
PY35
Cadmium Zinc Sulfide - (CC)
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailDiarylide Yellow (7000175)
PY83
Diarylide Yellow HR-70
NA
1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
NA
ThumbnailIsoindolinone Yellow (7000600)
PY110
Isoindolinone Yellow
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Staining
Semi-Staining
ThumbnailCadmium Orange (7000180)
PO20
Cadmium (Sulfo-Selenide) - (CC)
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailPyrrole Orange (7000590)
PO73
Diketopyrrole-pyrrole
1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailTransparent Pyrrole Orange (7000185)
PO71
Diketopyrrole-pyrrole
NA
2
Transparent
Transparent
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailDisazo Scarlet (7000640)
PR242
Disazo Scarlet
NA
1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
Staining
Staining
G
ThumbnailCadmium Red Light (7000195)
PR108
Cadmium (Sulfo-Selenide) - (CC)
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Staining
Semi-Staining
G
ThumbnailPermanent Scarlet (7000230)
PR168
Brominated Anthanthrone
NA
1
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailPyrrole Red Light (7000200)
PR255
Diketopyrrole-pyrrole
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Staining
Semi-Staining
ThumbnailPyrrole Red Medium (7000210)
PR254
Diketopyrrole-pyrrole
NA
1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailCadmium Red Medium (7000215)
PR108
Cadmium (Sulfo-Selenide) - (CC)
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailCadmium Red Deep (7000220)
PR108
Cadmium (Sulfo-Selenide) - (CC)
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
NA
G
ThumbnailPyrrole Red Deep (7000225)
PR264
Diketopyrrole-pyrrole
NA
1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailQuinacridone Red (7000235)
PV19
Quinacridone
NA
ASTM 1
Transparent
Transparent
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailPermanent Alizarin Crimson (7000240)
PR177
Anthraquinone
NA
2
Transparent
Transparent
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailQuinacridone Crimson (7000260)
PR122,PR206,
Quinacridone, Quinacridone
Quinacridone Magenta, Quinacridone Crimson
1
Transparent
Transparent
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailQuinacridone Magenta (7000265)
PR122
Quinacridone
NA
1
Transparent
Transparent
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailQuinacridone Violet (7000280)
PV19
Quinacridone
NA
ASTM 1
Transparent
Transparent
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailUltramarine Pink Dark (7000655)
PV15
Polysulfide of Sodium-Alumino Silicate
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
Staining
Staining
G
ThumbnailUltramarine Violet (7000290)
PV15
Polysulfide of Sodium-Alumino-Silicate
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Staining
Semi-Staining
G
ThumbnailDioxazine Purple (7000295)
PV23
Carbazole Dioxazine
NA
1
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailUltramarine Blue (7000310)
PB29
Polysulfide of Sodium Alumino-Silicate
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Staining
Semi-Staining
G
ThumbnailUltramarine Blue Violet (7000316)
PV15, PB29
Polysulfide of Sodium-Alumino-Silicate
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
NA
G
ThumbnailCobalt Blue (7000320)
PB28
Oxides of Cobalt and Aluminum
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Staining
Semi-Staining
G
ThumbnailCerulean Blue, Chromium (7000330)
PB36
Cobalt Chromium Spinel
ASTM 1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
NA
G
ThumbnailPhthalo Blue (Red Shade) (7000585)
PB15:0
Copper Phthalocyanine
NA
1
Transparent
Transparent
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailIndanthrone Blue (7000335)
PB60
Indanthrone
NA
2
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailPrussian Blue (7000340)
PB27
Ferriammonium Ferrocyanide
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
Staining
Staining
G
ThumbnailIndigo (7000305)
PB15:3, PBk7, PV19
Copper Phthalocyanine, Nearly Pure Amorphous Carbon, Quinacridone
Phthalo Blue (GS), Carbon Black, Quinacridone Violet
ASTM 2
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
Staining
Staining
G
ThumbnailPhthalo Blue (Green Shade) (7000345)
PB15:3
Copper Phthalocyanine
NA
ASTM 2
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailFrench Cerulean Blue (7000350)
PB36
Cobalt Chromate Blue-Green Spinel
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
Staining
Staining
G
ThumbnailManganese Blue (7000355)
PB15:3, PG7
Copper Phthalocyanine, Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine
Phthalo Green (BS), Phthalo Blue (GS)
ASTM 2
Transparent
Transparent
NA
G
ThumbnailCobalt Teal (7000360)
PG50
Cobalt Titante Green Spinel
NA
1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Staining
Semi-Staining
G
ThumbnailTurquoise (Phthalo) (7000365)
PG7, PB15:3
Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine, Copper Phthalocyanine
Phthalo Blue (GS), Phthalo Green (BS)
ASTM 2
Transparent
Transparent
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailCobalt Turquoise (7000370)
PB36
Cobalt Chromite Spinel
NA
ASTM 1
Opaque
Opaque
NA
G
ThumbnailPhthalo Green (Blue Shade) (7000375)
PG7
Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine
NA
ASTM 1
Transparent
Transparent
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailViridian Green (7000380)
PG18
Hydrous Chromium Sesquioxide
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Staining
Semi-Staining
G
ThumbnailPermanent Green Light (7000385)
PY3, PG7
Arylide Yellow, Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine
Phthalo Green (BS), Benzimidazolone Yellow
ASTM 2
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailCobalt Green (7000390)
PG26
Cobalt Chromite Green Spinel
NA
1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
NA
G
ThumbnailHookers Green (7000395)
PY150, PB60, PR122
Nickel Complex Azo, Indanthrone, Quinacridone
Nickel Azo Yellow, Indanthrone Blue, Quinacridone Magenta
2
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailOlive Green (7000420)
PR101, PY184, PG7
Synthetic Red Iron Oxide, Bismuth Vanadate, Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine
Transparent Red Iron Oxide, Bismuth Vanadate, Phthalo Green (BS)
1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
Staining
Staining
G
ThumbnailSap Green (7000400)
PR101, PY150, PG36
Synthetic Iron Oxide, Nickel Complex Azo, Brominated & Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine
Phthalo Green (YS), Transparent Red Iron Oxide, Nickel Azo Yellow
ASTM 1
Transparent
Transparent
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailTerre Verte (7000405)
PG23
Natural Ferrous Silicate containing Magnesium and Natural Ferrous of Metal Oxides
NA
ASTM 1
Transparent
Transparent
NA
G
ThumbnailChromium Oxide Green (7000410)
PG17
Anhydrous Chromium Sesquioxide
NA
ASTM 1
Opaque
Opaque
NA
G
ThumbnailBohemian Green Earth (7000415)
PY42, PBk7, PR101, PG7
Synthetic Iron Oxide, Nearly Pure Amorphous Carbon, Synthetic Iron Oxide, Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine
Carbon Black, Phthalo Green (BS), Transparent Red Iron Oxide,Transparent Yellow Iron Oxide
ASTM 1
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
Staining
Staining
G
ThumbnailGreen Gold (7000425)
PY129
5G Copper Complex of Azomethine
NA
ASTM 2
Transparent
Transparent
Semi-Staining
Semi-Staining
ThumbnailTitan Buff (7000430)
PW6:1
Titanium Dioxide Rutile
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
NA
ThumbnailNaples Yellow (7000435)
PBr24, Pbk7,PW4
Chrome Antimony Titanate, Nearly Pure Amorphous Carbon, Zinc Oxide
Chrome Antimony Titanate, Carbon Black, Zinc White
ASTM 1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
NA
ThumbnailNaples Yellow Deep (7000595)
PBr24
Chrome Antimony Titrate
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Staining
Semi-Staining
G
ThumbnailTransparent Yellow Oxide (7000445)
PY42
Synthetic Iron Oxide
NA
ASTM 1
Transparent
Transparent
Staining
Staining
G
ThumbnailYellow Ochre (Natural) (7000440)
PY43
Natural Hydrated Iron Oxide
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Staining
Semi-Staining
ThumbnailRaw Sienna (Natural) (7000450)
PY43
Natural Hydrated Iron Oxide
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
NA
ThumbnailTransparent Red Oxide (7000455)
PR101
Synthetic Iron Oxide
NA
ASTM 1
Transparent
Transparent
Staining
Staining
G
ThumbnailVenetian Red (7000465)
PR101
Synthetic Iron Oxide
NA
ASTM 1
Opaque
Opaque
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailBenzimidazolone Burnt Orange (7000605)
PBr25
Benzimidazolone Brown
NA
1
Transparent
Transparent
Staining
Staining
G
ThumbnailBurnt Sienna (Natural) (7000470)
Pbr7
Calcined Natural Iron Oxide
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Staining
Semi-Staining
G
ThumbnailPerylene Crimson (7000645)
PR179
Anthraquinone Perylene
Perylene Crimson
ASTM 1
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
Staining
Staining
G
ThumbnailTransparent Brown Oxide (7000475)
PR101
Synthetic Iron Oxide
NA
ASTM 1
Transparent
Transparent
Staining
Staining
G
ThumbnailBurnt Umber (Natural) (7000480)
Pbr7
Calcined Natural Iron Oxide containing Manganese
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Staining
Semi-Staining
G
ThumbnailVan Dyke Brown (7000495)
PR101
Synthetic Iron Oxide
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
Staining
Staining
G
ThumbnailRaw Umber (Natural) (7000485)
PBr7
Natural Iron Oxide containing Manganese
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Staining
Semi-Staining
G
ThumbnailBrown Umber (Natural) (7000570)
PBr7
Brown Iron Oxide
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailSepia (7000490)
PR101, PY150, PBk7
Synthetic Iron Oxide, Nickel Complex Azo, Nearly Pure Amorphous Carbon
Transparent Red Iron Oxide, Nickel Azo Yellow, Carbon Black
ASTM 1
Transparent
Transparent
Staining
Staining
G
ThumbnailCarbon Black (7000500)
PBk7
Nearly Pure Amorphous Carbon
NA
ASTM 1
Opaque
Opaque
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailIvory Black (7000505)
PBK9
Carbonized Bones
NA
ASTM 1
Opaque
Opaque
Staining
Staining
G
ThumbnailPayne's Gray (Violet) (7000575)
PV29, PBk7, PB15:3
Perylene Violet, Nearly Pure Amorphous Carbon, Copper Phthalocyanine
NA
NA
Opaque
Opaque
Staining
Staining
G
ThumbnailPayne's Gray (7000510)
PB15:3, PBk7, PV19
Copper Phthalocyanine, Nearly Pure Amorphous Carbon, Quinacridone
Phthalo Blue (GS), Carbon Black, Quinacridone Violet
ASTM 2
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailPerylene Violet (7000635)
PV29
Perylene Violet
NA
1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
Staining
Staining
ThumbnailCadmium Purple (7000580)
PR108
Cadmium (Sulfo-Sulfide) - (CC)
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Staining
Semi-Staining
ThumbnailNeutral Tint (7000520)
PY42, PR122, PB15:3
Synthetic Hydrated Iron Oxide, Quinacridone, Copper Phthalocyanine
Transparent Yellow Iron Oxide,Quinacridone Magenta, Phthalo Blue (GS)
ASTM 2
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
Staining
Staining
G
ThumbnailArdoise Gray (7000525)
PBk19
Hydrated Aluminum Silicate
NA
ASTM 1
Transparent
Transparent
NA
G
ThumbnailChinese White (7000530)
PW4
Zinc Oxide
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
NA
ThumbnailTitanium White (7000535)
PW6
Titanium Dioxide Rutile
NA
ASTM 1
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
NA
ThumbnailIridescent Copper (7000615)
NA
Iron Oxide Coated Mica Particles
NA
N/A
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
N/A
ThumbnailIridescent Gold (Fine) (7000540)
Titanium Dioxide coated Mica particles
NA
N/A
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
NA
G
ThumbnailIridescent Pearl (Fine) (7000545)
Titanium Dioxide coated Mica particles
NA
N/A
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
NA
G
ThumbnailIridescent Silver (Fine) (7000550)
PBK7
Titanium Dioxide coated Mica particles, Nearly Pure Amorphous Carbon
Titanium Dioxide coated Mica particles, Carbon Black
N/A
Semi-Opaque
Semi-Opaque
NA
G
ThumbnailInterference Violet (7000565)
1
Transparent
Transparent
N/A
G
ThumbnailInterference Red (7000610)
NA
Titanium Dioxide Coated Mica Particles
NA
N/A
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
N/A
ThumbnailInterference Blue (7000555)
1
Transparent
Transparent
N/A
G
ThumbnailInterference Green (7000560)
1
Transparent
Transparent
N/A
G
ThumbnailInterference Violet-Green Shift (7000620)
NA
Mica Particles with Silica Particles
NA
N/A
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
N/A
ThumbnailInterference Green-Orange Shift (7000625)
NA
Mica Particles with Silica Particles
NA
N/A
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
N/A
ThumbnailInterference Green-Blue Shift (7000630)
NA
Mica Particles with Silica Particles
NA
N/A
Semi-Transparent
Semi-Transparent
N/A

Lightfastness

The Lightfastness Ratings are provided by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) in the standard for "Artists' Acrylic Emulsion Paints". (ASTM D 5098, Annual Book of Standards, Volume 6.02). Colors with a Lightfastness Rating of I are considered Excellent and those with a Lightfastness Rating of II are Very Good. Where Lightfastness Ratings have not been obtained according to ASTM test protocol, "N/A" is used. In those cases, data from pigment manufacturers and our own test facilities have been used and an appropriate description assigned under Permanency.

Lightfastness I: Excellent

Artist colors are let down with white to arrive at a pastel shade. These samples are exposed to an accelerated dose of light energy equivalent to that which would be expected to occur during approximately 100 years of museum-lit conditions. This exposure is condensed into approximately 15 weeks of testing time, or less, depending upon the accelerated test methods used. For the purposes of the official test, before and after color difference is determined using a spectrophotometer, and difference units are mathematically calculated. Less than 4 units color change earns a color the designation of Lightfastness I. In practicality, this means that a visual comparison of the unexposed and exposed samples, when held adjacent, would reveal, at worse, a barely perceptible color change.

Lightfastness II: Very Good

Under the same test conditions, a visual comparison of adjacent unexposed and exposed samples will reveal a perceptible color change. This change will quickly become imperceptible to most observers as the sample pieces are moved apart from one another. When expressed mathematically, change falling within the range of 4-8 units is covered by this category.

Permanency

Lightfastness and durability based on our testing and manufacturer's data. The levels of permanency are:

  • Excellent (Exc.)
  • Very Good (V.G.)
  • Poor

Opacity / Transparency

We have determined that an eight-point scale is most appropriate for describing the properties of our colors. We have assigned each color in the chart a number from 1 (most opaque) to 8 (most transparent) to indicate the opacity/transparency of that color.

Color Index Name & Number

The Colour Index Name and Number are internationally recognized codes assigned to a particular "colorant" by both the Society of Dyers and Colourists and the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists. The C.I. Name consists of the category (type of dye or pigment), general hue and serial number, based on its chemical constitution. For example, PB 60, Anthraquinone Blue, indicates a specific Pigment Blue. The C.I. Number is a five-digit reference number assigned in the Colour Index based on the chemical structure of a colorant, regardless of usage class. For more information on these check out the following article:

Pigment Classification

Designates whether the pigments used in a color are based on Organic or Inorganic chemistry. When containing both types, the term Mixed is used.

Abbreviations

  • C.P. - indicates concentrated cadmium pigments (CC)
  • G.S. - Green Shade
  • B.S. - Blue Shade
  • R.S. - Red Shade
  • Y.S. - Yellow Shade