Mineral Spirit Acrylic Color - Pigment Detail Chart

Mineral Spirit Colors Page

Color Name (ItemNumber)Pigment ClassificationColor Index NameColor Index NumberChemical DescriptionOpacity / TransparencyLightfastness ratingPermanencyMunsell Notation ListingGloss AverageViscosity RangeCIE L*a*b* ValuesTint Strength
Cadmium Yellow Primrose (X-0135)
Inorganic
N/A
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:0 Value:0 Chroma:0
0
L*0 a*0 b*0
0
Hansa Yellow Light (X-0180)
Inorganic
N/A
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:0 Value:0 Chroma:0
0
L*0 a*0 b*0
0
Cadmium Yellow Light (X-0120)
Inorganic
N/A
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:0 Value:0 Chroma:0
0
L*0 a*0 b*0
0
Hansa Yellow Medium (X-0190)
Organic
N/A
N/A
Poor
Hue:0 Value:0 Chroma:0
0
L*0 a*0 b*0
0
Cadmium Yellow Medium (X-0130)
Organic
N/A
N/A
Poor
Hue:0 Value:0 Chroma:0
0
L*0 a*0 b*0
0
Nickel Azo Yellow (X-0225)
Inorganic
N/A
N/A
Excellent
Hue:0 Value:0 Chroma:0
0
L*0 a*0 b*0
0
Diarylide Yellow (X-0147)
Inorganic
N/A
N/A
Excellent
Hue:0 Value:0 Chroma:0
0
L*0 a*0 b*0
0
Cadmium Yellow Dark (X-0110)
Inorganic
N/A
N/A
Excellent
Hue:0 Value:0 Chroma:0
0
L*0 a*0 b*0
0
Cadmium Orange (X-0070)
Inorganic
N/A
N/A
Excellent
Hue:0 Value:0 Chroma:0
0
L*0 a*0 b*0
0
Cadmium Red Light (X-0090)
Organic
PR 122 / PR 206 / PG 7
73915 / 73903 / 74260
Quinacridone Quinacridone Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine
2
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:10 RP Value:2.8 Chroma:1.2
100.92
400-1000 CPS
L*27.94 a*9.37 b*2.19
73.1
Naphthol Red Light (X-0210)
Organic
PY 73 / PY 150 / PR 206
11738 / 12764 / 73903
Arylide Yellow Nickel Complex Azo Quinacridone
7
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:5 YR Value:5.35 Chroma:9.5
86.88
400-1000 CPS
L*55.2 a*28.9 b*48.11
90.36
Pyrrole Red (X-0277)
Mixture
PB 15:4 / PG 7 / PW 4
74160 / 74260 / 77947
Copper Phthalocyanine Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine Zinc Oxide
4
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:6 B Value:3.95 Chroma:7.3
91.61
400-1000 CPS
L*41.18 a*-14.38 b*-31.78
87.92
Cadmium Red Medium (X-0100)
Mixture
PW 6 / PY 42 / PY 83
77891 / 77492 / 21108
Titanium Dioxide Rutile Synthetic Hydrated Iron Oxide Diarylide Yellow HR-70
2
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:10 YR Value:7.6 Chroma:6.7
56.41
400-1000 CPS
L*77.26 a*12.1 b*38.74
76.58
Cadmium Red Dark (X-0080)
Mixture
PB 15:1 / PV 23 / PB k9
74160 / 51319 / 77267
Copper Phthalocyanine Carbazole Dioxazine Amorphous Carbon produced by charring animal bones
2
ASTM 2
Very Good
Hue:8 B Value:2.45 Chroma:1.5
73.78
400-1000 CPS
L*24.61 a*2.16 b*-3.37
70.3
Naphthol Red Medium (X-0220)
Mixture
PR 101 / PY 150 / PG 36 / PB k 7
77491 / 12764 / 74265 / 77266
Synthetic Iron Oxide Nickel Complex Azo Brominated and Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine Nearly Pure Amorphous Carbon
3
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:0.75 G Value:2.75 Chroma:1.2
96.24
400-1000 CPS
L*27.81 a*-3.43 b*1.3
80.88
Dioxazine Purple (X-0150)
Mixture
PR 101 / PBk7
77491 / 77266
Synthetic Iron Oxide Nearly Pure Amorphous Carbon
3
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:5 GY Value:2.7 Chroma:0.7
99.81
14000-20000 CPS
L*0 a*0 b*0
74.68
Cobalt Blue (X-0140)
Mixture
PW 4 / PB15:4 / PY150 / Pbr7
77947 / 74160 / 12764 / 77492
Zinc Oxide Copper Phthalcyanine Nickel Complex Azo Calcined natural Iron Oxide containing Manganese
3
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:8.8 G Value:3.5 Chroma:5
20.58
20000-25000 CPS
L*0 a*0 b*0
85.29
Anthraquinone Blue (X-0005)
Natural Inorganic
PBr 7
77491
Calcinized Natural Iron Oxide
2
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:3 YR Value:3.25 Chroma:4
2.2
750-1000 CPS
L*33.67 a*16.86 b*12.58
82.3
Phthalo Blue (Red Shade) (X-0260)
Natural Inorganic
PBr 7
77491
Calcined Natural Iron Oxide containing Mangenese
2
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:9 YR Value:2.5 Chroma:1
0.9
400-1000 CPS
L*28.57 a*2.86 b*4.06
83.39
Phthalo Blue (Green Shade) (X-0255)
Natural Inorganic
PBk 7
77266
Nearly Pure Amorphous Carbon
1
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:0 Value:1 Chroma:0.3
1.8
400-1000 CPS
L*25.77 a*0.2 b*-0.17
55.85
Cerulean Blue (X-0050)
Synthetic Inorganic
PB 60
69800
Indanthrone Blue
2
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:7.5 PB Value:1.25 Chroma:3.3
1
400-1000 CPS
L*24.44 a*5.02 b*-6
73.38
Cobalt Turquoise (X-0144)
Synthetic Inorganic
PB 36:1
:MayMay:thth
Oxides of Cobalt and Chromium
3
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:1 PB Value:4 Chroma:7.9
1.6
400-1000 CPS
L*42.76 a*-12.04 b*-32.29
88.05
Phthalo Green (Blue Shade) (X-0270)
Synthetic Inorganic
PG 17
77299
Anhydrous Chromium Sesquioxide
1
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:9 GY Value:4 Chroma:4.6
1.4
750-1000 CPS
L*44.19 a*-15.5 b*16.04
83.71
Phthalo Green (Yellow Shade) (X-0275)
Synthetic Inorganic
PB 28
77346
Oxides of Cobalt and Aluminum
3
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:6 PB Value:3 Chroma:11
1
800-1200 CPS
L*36.63 a*9.51 b*-46.66
89.14
Permanent Green Light (X-0250)
Synthetic Organic
PY 83
21108
Diarylide Yellow HR-70
5
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:8 YR Value:7 Chroma:15.8
1.6
400-1000 CPS
L*75.48 a*33.38 b*33.38
88.46
Cobalt Green (X-0142)
Synthetic Orgainc
PV 23
51319
Carbazole Dioxazine
3
ASTM 2
Very Good
Hue:2.5 P Value:1 Chroma:0.5
1.8
400-1000 CPS
L*24.76 a*2.81 b*-0.17
67.02
Jenkins Green (X-0195)
Mixture
PY 150/PG 36/PY 3
NA/73265/11710
Nickel Complex Azo/Bromated and Clorinated Copper Phthalocyanine/Arylide Yellow
4
ASTM 2
Very Good
Hue:2 GY Value:4.25 Chroma:7.3
1.2
20000-24000 CPS
L*47.2 a*-12.25 b*32.2
90.73
Chromium Oxide Green (X-0060)
Synthetic Organic
PY 73
11738
Arylide Yellow
7
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:2 Y Value:7.75 Chroma:16.8
2.4
400-1000 CPS
L*78.51 a*18.46 b*89.29
93.99
Green Gold (X-0170)
Synthetic Organic
PY 74
11741
Arylide Yellow 5GX
5
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:5 Y Value:8 Chroma:16
1.8
400-1000 CPS
L*85.41 a*11.09 b*93.99
93.22
Mars Yellow (X-0202)
Mixed
PBk 9/PY 150/PG 36
77267/12764/74265
Amorphous Carbon/Nickel Complex Azo/Brominated and Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine
2
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:8 GY Value:1.5 Chroma:2.4
1.8
400-1000 CPS
L*26.47 a*-3.3 b*-0.58
80.44
Burnt Sienna (X-0020)
Synthetic Organic
PR 5
12490
Naphthol AS-D
5
ASTM 2
Very Good
Hue:6 R Value:3.5 Chroma:10.6
1.5
700-1000 CPS
L*36.83 a*38.81 b*20.83
72.83
Burnt Umber Light (X-0035)
Mixture
PB 29 / PBk 7
77007 / 77266
Polysulfide of Sodium-Alumino Oxide / Nearly Pure Amorphous Carbon
2
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:4 PB Value:1.75 Chroma:0.6
1.6
400-1000 CPS
L*24.12 a*0.05 b*-2.24
78.1
Burnt Umber (X-0030)
Mixture
PY 3 / PG 7
11710 / 74260
Arylide Yellow / Chlorinated Copper Phthalocynine
3
ASTM 2
Very Good
Hue:4 G Value:3.75 Chroma:12
2.1
400-1000 CPS
L*43.54 a*-46.94 b*17.96
84.98
Carbon Black (X-0040)
Organometallic
PB 15:4
74160
Copper Phthalocynine
3
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:7 PB Value:1.25 Chroma:6.5
1.1
400-1000 CPS
L*24.95 a*8.48 b*-18.01
73.78
Mars Black (X-0200)
Organometallic
PG 36
74265
Brominated and Chlorinated Copper Phthalocynine
3
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:5 G Value:1.75 Chroma:5.4
2.3
400-1000 CPS
L*27.82 a*-11.83 b*-0.17
79.3
Bone Black (X-0010)
Synthetic Organic
PR 254
56110
Pyrrolopyrrol
3
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:6.5 R Value:4.25 Chroma:17
2.7
700-1000 CPS
L*42.26 a*54.6 b*31.25
75.61
Graphite Gray (X-0160)
Synthetic Organic
PR 122
73915
Quinacridone
7
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:10 RP Value:2.5 Chroma:10
1.9
400-1000 CPS
L*31.41 a*27.69 b*2.75
77.6
Payne's Gray (X-0240)
Synthetic Organic (Mixture)
PR 206 /PR 202
NA / NA
Quinacridone / Quinacridone
5
ASTM 1
Excellent
Hue:2.5 R Value:2 Chroma:6
2.2
300-1000 CPS
L*28.5 a*14.39 b*3.26
76.13

Lightfastness

The Lightfastness Ratings are provided by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) in the standard for "Artists' Acrylic Emulsion Paints". (ASTM D 5098, Annual Book of Standards, Volume 6.02). Colors with a Lightfastness Rating of I are considered Excellent and those with a Lightfastness Rating of II are Very Good. Where Lightfastness Ratings have not been obtained according to ASTM test protocol, "N/A" is used. In those cases, data from pigment manufacturers and our own test facilities have been used and an appropriate description assigned under Permanency.

Lightfastness I: Excellent

Artist colors are let down with white to arrive at a pastel shade. These samples are exposed to an accelerated dose of light energy equivalent to that which would be expected to occur during approximately 100 years of museum-lit conditions. This exposure is condensed into approximately 15 weeks of testing time, or less, depending upon the accelerated test methods used. For the purposes of the official test, before and after color difference is determined using a spectrophotometer, and difference units are mathematically calculated. Less than 4 units color change earns a color the designation of Lightfastness I. In practicality, this means that a visual comparison of the unexposed and exposed samples, when held adjacent, would reveal, at worse, a barely perceptible color change.

Lightfastness II: Very Good

Under the same test conditions, a visual comparison of adjacent unexposed and exposed samples will reveal a perceptible color change. This change will quickly become imperceptible to most observers as the sample pieces are moved apart from one another. When expressed mathematically, change falling within the range of 4-8 units is covered by this category.

Permanency

Lightfastness and durability based on our testing and manufacturer's data. The levels of permanency are:

  • Excellent (Exc.)
  • Very Good (V.G.)
  • Poor

Opacity / Transparency

We have determined that an eight-point scale is most appropriate for describing the properties of our colors. We have assigned each color in the chart a number from 1 (most opaque) to 8 (most transparent) to indicate the opacity/transparency of that color.

Color Index Name & Number

The Colour Index Name and Number are internationally recognized codes assigned to a particular "colorant" by both the Society of Dyers and Colourists and the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists. The C.I. Name consists of the category (type of dye or pigment), general hue and serial number, based on its chemical constitution. For example, PB 60, Anthraquinone Blue, indicates a specific Pigment Blue. The C.I. Number is a five-digit reference number assigned in the Colour Index based on the chemical structure of a colorant, regardless of usage class. For more information on these check out the following article:

Pigment Classification

Designates whether the pigments used in a color are based on Organic or Inorganic chemistry. When containing both types, the term Mixed is used.

Abbreviations

  • C.P. - indicates concentrated cadmium pigments (CC)
  • G.S. - Green Shade
  • B.S. - Blue Shade
  • R.S. - Red Shade
  • Y.S. - Yellow Shade